Locusts (10:1 - 10:20)
The ninth plague of Egypt was locusts. The locusts swarmed Egypt and consumed all Egyptian crops, leaving no tree or plant standing on the face of Egypt. The swarm of locusts covered the sky and created darkness in Egypt. After Moses' threats and Egyptian pleas Pharaoh agreed to let only Hebrew men to go out to the desert, while women, children and livestock are to remain in Egypt. Moses demanded that all shall go, and when Pharaoh refused, this plague struck Egypt. Pharaoh again asked Moses to remove this plague and promised to allow all the Hebrews to worship God in the desert. However, after the locusts went away, Pharaoh "hardened his heart" and refused to keep his promise.



Darkness (10:21 - 10:29)
The tenth plague of Egypt was complete darkness, lasting for three days. Pharaoh called upon Moses, agreeing to let the Hebrews go out to the desert, but leaving their livestock in Egypt. Moses refused this condition, and in addition required that Pharaoh would donate a sacrifice. This outraged Pharaoh, and he threatened Moses with death.

Exodus 10
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Plagues 9 and 10...

[Plague 9] ...locusts into thy coast...

Exod. 10:4 Else, if thou refuse to let my people go, behold, tomorrow will I bring the (proselytizing) locusts into thy coast, (the crest of the next generation of Egyptians, your own children shall point to the new sighting, the once unseen God, Uranus, in the heavens):

Exod. 10:5 And they shall cover the face of the earth, that one cannot be able to see the earth: and they shall eat the residue (of the next generation of Egyptians) of that which is escaped, which remaineth unto you from the hail, and shall eat, (devour the power of all Egypt's institutions), every tree (that founds the society) which groweth (the Kingdom of Egypt) for you out of the field (nations):

Exod. 10:6 And they, (this next generation of unbelievers) shall fill thy houses, and the houses of all thy servants, and the houses (of worship) of all the Egyptians; (such heresy), which neither thy fathers, nor thy fathers' fathers have seen, since the day that they were upon the earth unto this day. And he turned himself, and went out from Pharaoh.

(link to Exodus 11)

[Plague 10] ...darkness over the land of Egypt...

Exod. 10:21 And the LORD said unto Moses, Stretch out thine hand, (in the symbolic Jewish sign of Shin), toward heaven (in the gesture of The Almighty Reality), that there may be (a theological) darkness over the land of Egypt, even (a religious) darkness (of total silence for the lack of response from the various Egyptian temple priests, themselves), which may be felt (in effect by the absence of their congregation from attending the services for the worship of Egptian Gods, because Akhenaten, Amenhotep IV, 1379-1362 BC, the religious reformer, will transform himself into a monotheistic god, presenting himself as the Aten or Sun-disk. His queen NEFERTITI, and their children will be a holy family, with the king appearing as virtually the ONLY God, Aten on earth).

Exod. 10:22 And Moses, (before large, mixed crowds of people), stretched forth (a hand salute to the Most High God), his hand, (above his head), toward heaven (and Akhenaten, Amenhotep IV, 1379-1362 BC, indeed, was forced to become a religious reformer, insisting it was himself that Moses was proclaiming to be the Most High, the unseen and only true God); and there was a thick (religious) darkness (begun) in all the land of Egypt, (a false monotheism), three days (of years, even to follow the coming exodus of these Jews):
Exod. 10:23 (The various priest hoods), they saw not one another, neither rose any from his place (within the outlawed Egyptian temples of polytheism) for three "days" (of years to follow): but all the children of Israel had light (from this G-d, Y. H. V. H.) in their dwellings.

Death of the Old
The change was sudden. The shift probably took place between 1352 BC and 1338 (Assman, 214).
Temples were shut down, religious texts destroyed, and all practice of the old faith brought to a standstill. In Ancient Egypt there was no concept of the separation of church and state; on the contrary, the church was a branch of the state, integrally tied into state business. In this political climate, the Pharaoh could reinvent church doctrine if he chose to, and Akhenaten did just that. It is difficult to imagine quite what this would have done to the collective mind of the Egyptian populace, but it would most likely have taken the rug out from underneath them; religion for the masses is never quite the same as it is for the priests who administer it, but popular faith plays a basic role in daily life.
All of a sudden the truths and modes fo thought to which the people had become accustomed were forbidden or destroyed. The reaction of a people trying to come to terms with this loss of their entire psychological and theological foundation resembles the grief of those who are faced with the death of a family member,.
Egyptian cultural life and the identity of an individual rested on state festivals, which Akhenaten prohibited as part of his eradication of the old faith. (Assman, 223) This was the death of a fundamental way of life.
Akhenaten killed the old faith to bring about his new one, an example of an end joined with a beginning.
For the majority of Egyptians, the Age of Amarna was one of destruction, persecution, suppression, and godlessness of darkness by day, [the formula used to refer to the experience of divine absence. One can imagine confusion and mourning on a country-wide scale, for the death and plunging into darkness of the old way; it is cruel irony that this dark time was symbolized at the official level by the pre-eminence of sunlight in all aspects of life.
And yet, following on the heels of this death came an ideological rebirth.

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