Jer. 19:11 And shalt say unto them, Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Even so will I break this people and this city, as one breaketh a potter's vessel, that cannot be made whole again: and they shall bury them in Tophet, till there be no place to bury.

Jer. 19:12 Thus will I do unto this place, saith the LORD, and to the inhabitants thereof, and even make this city as Tophet:

Jer. 19:13 And the houses of Jerusalem, and the houses of the kings of Judah, shall be defiled as the place of Tophet, because of all the houses upon whose roofs they have burned incense unto all the host of heaven, and have poured out drink offerings unto other gods.]

{Tophet is used only with refer to these verses}



Note, Catholic Encyclopedia:
With the overthrow of the old Roman Empire and the victory of Christianity, astrology lost its importance in the centers of Christian civilization in the West. The last known astrologer of the old world was Johannes Laurentius (sometimes called Lydus) of Philadelphia in Lydia, who lived 490-565 A.D.

Jer. 7:31 And they have built the high places of Tophett, (hell), which is in the valley of the son of Hinnom, to burn their sons and their daughters in the fire (of Abortions); which I commanded them not, neither came it into my heart.

Jer. 7:32 Therefore, behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that it shall no more be called Tophett, (hell), nor the valley of the son of Hinnom, but the valley of (Abortion) slaughter: for they shall bury in Tophett, (hell), till there be no (room or) place.

Jer. 7:34 Then will I cause to cease from the cities of Judah, and from the streets of Jerusalem, the voice of mirth, and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom, and the voice of the bride: for the land (first by Babylon, then by Rome) shall be desolate.


Jer. 8:1 At that time, saith the LORD, (Ezekiel 37:1-7), they shall bring out the bones of the kings of Judah, and the bones of his princes, and the bones of the priests, and the bones of the prophets, and the bones of the inhabitants of Jerusalem, out of their graves:

Jer. 8:2 And they, (Ezekiel 37:1-7), shall spread before them the sun, and the moon, and all the host of heaven, (these erroneous Astrology believers who did not know yet of the trinity of Uranus, Neptune, nor Pluto: [Rev 12:4]), whom they have loved, and whom they have served, and after whom they have walked, and whom they have sought, and whom they have worshipped: they shall not be gathered, nor be buried; they shall be for dung upon the face of the earth.

Jer. 8:3 And death (of their Astrology) shall be chosen rather than life (in the Reality known through discovery of truth) by all the residue of them that remain of this evil family, which remain in all the places whither I have driven them, saith the Lord

The Amplified Theistic Evolution Bible Interpretation:

Isaiah 30

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The greek word translated spiritually is pneumatikos, meaning a figure of speech. So this city is being called something other than its given name.

Isa. 30:1 Woe to the rebellious children, saith the LORD, that take, counsel, but not of me; and that cover with a covering, but not of my spirit, that they may add (other) sin to (the genetic) sin (of their innate selfishness):

Isa. 30:2 That walk, (these the rebellious children of israel) to go down into (the street of the great city, which spiritually is called Sodom and) Egypt [Rev 11:8], and have not asked at my mouth; to strengthen themselves in the strength of Pharaoh (and his paganism), and to trust in the shadow of Egypt, (the great city, which spiritually is called Sodom: [Rev. 11:8])!

Isa. 30:3 Therefore shall the strength of Pharaoh be your shame, and the trust in the shadow of Egypt, (the great city, which spiritually is called Sodom: [Rev 11:8]), your confusion.

Isa. 30:4 For his princes were at Zoan, (in Egypt), and his ambassadors came to Hanes.

Isa. 30:5 They were all ashamed of a people that could not profit them, nor be an help nor profit, but a shame, and also a reproach.

Isa. 30:6 The burden of the beasts of the south: into the land of trouble and anguish, from whence come the young and old lion, the viper and fiery flying serpent, they will carry their riches upon the shoulders of young asses, and their treasures upon the bunches of camels, to a people that shall not profit them.

Isa. 30:7 For the Egyptians shall help in vain, and to no purpose: therefore have I cried concerning this, Their strength is to sit still.

Isa. 30:8 Now go, write it before them in a table, and note it in a book, that it may be for the time to come for ever and ever:

Isa. 30:9 That this is a rebellious people, lying children, children that will not hear the law of the LORD:

Isa. 30:10 Which say to the seers, (we can) see not (the truth in your); and to the prophets, Prophesy not (in your interpretations of scripture) unto us (the) right things, (rather) speak unto us (reassuring) smooth (sounding) things, prophesy deceits (of salvation after death and unearned fulfillment of our prayers):

Isa. 30:11 (Saying), get you (and your preaching) out of the way, turn aside out of the path (of quoting scripture), cause the Holy One of Israel to cease from before us, (who are Atheistic).

Isa. 30:12 Wherefore thus saith the Holy One of Israel, Because ye despise this Word, (the Bible), and trust in (economic) oppression and (moral) perverseness, and stay thereon (intentionally):

Isa. 30:13 Therefore this iniquity shall be to you as a breach (in empire) ready to fall, swelling out in a high wall, whose breaking cometh suddenly at an instant.

Isa. 30:14 And he shall break it as the breaking of the potters' vessel that is broken in pieces; he shall not spare: so that there shall not be found in the bursting of it a sherd to take fire from the hearth, or to take water withal out of the pit.

Isa. 30:15 For thus saith the Lord GOD, the Holy One of Israel; In returning (to the practice of the Word), and rest (from the hedonism of your enculturation) shall ye be saved; in quietness and in confidence shall be your strength: and ye would not.

Isa. 30:16 But ye said, No, (not us, we will circumvent the consequences of immorality); for we will flee upon horses; therefore shall ye flee: and, We will ride upon the swift; therefore shall they that pursue you be swift.


Isa. 30:17 One thousand shall flee at the rebuke of one; at the rebuke of five shall ye (all) flee: till ye be left as a beacon upon the top of a mountain, and as an ensign on an hill.

Isa. 30:18 And therefore will the LORD wait (until 1948 AD), that he may be gracious unto you, and therefore will he be exalted (upon his prophesy of your return to the Promise Land), that he may have mercy upon you: for the LORD is a God of judgment: blessed are all they that wait for him.

Isa. 30:19 For the people shall dwell in Zion at Jerusalem: thou shalt weep no more: he will be very gracious unto (in 1948 AD) thee at the voice of thy cry (from the Holocaust); when he shall hear it, he will answer thee.

Isa. 30:20 And though the Lord give you (2000 years) the bread of adversity, and the water of affliction, yet shall not thy teachers be removed into a corner any more, but thine eyes shall see thy teachers:

Isa. 30:21 And thine ears shall hear a (new) Word, (The New Testament preached always) behind thee, saying, This, (The Christ), is The Way, walk ye in it, (His light), when ye turn to the right hand, and when ye turn to the left.

Isa. 30:22 Ye shall defile, (by refuting), also the (authoritative) covering (of the science) of thy graven images of silver, (the untarnished faith in Academics), and the ornament (of success) of thy molten images of gold, (in your economic worship of Mammon): thou shalt cast them away as a menstruous cloth; thou shalt say unto it, Get thee hence, (for the psychological prerequisite to joy is to first know thyself).

Isa. 30:23 Then shall he give (in great emigration) the rain (of returning Jews) of thy seed (Abraham), that thou shalt sow the ground withal; and bread of the increase of the earth, and it shall be fat and plenteous: in that day shall thy cattle feed in large pastures.

Isa. 30:24 The oxen likewise and the young asses that ear the ground shall eat clean provender, which hath been winnowed with the shovel and with the fan (of the resurrected forked hand of the kohanim).

Isa. 30:25 And there shall be upon every (fundamental), high (and mighty) mountain (of your Social Institutions), and upon every (authoritative) high hill (of social leadership), rivers (of converts) and streams of waters (of the masses) in the day of the great slaughter (of the social status quo), when the towers (of knowledge) fall.

Isa. 30:26 Moreover the light of the moon shall be as the light of the sun, and the light of the sun shall be sevenfold, as the light of seven days, in the day that the LORD bindeth up the breach of his people, andhealeth the stroke of their wound.

Isa. 30:27 Behold, the name of the LORD cometh from far, burning with his anger, and the burden thereof is heavy: his lips are full of indignation, and his tongue as a devouring fire:

Isa. 30:28 And his breath, as an overflowing stream, shall reach to the midst of the neck, to sift the nations with the sieve of vanity: and there shall be a bridle in the jaws of the people, causing them to err.

Isa. 30:29 Ye shall have a song, as in the night when a holy solemnity is kept; and gladness of heart, as when one goeth with a pipe to come into (Zion), the mountain (of the Scripture) of the LORD, to the mighty One of Israel.

Isa. 30:30 And the LORD shall cause his glorious voice, (the Theistic Evolution Bible Interpretation), to be heard (among the Christian communities), and shall show the lighting down of his arm, with the indignation of his anger, and with the flame of a devouring fire, with scattering, and tempest, and hailstones.

Isa. 30:31 For through the voice of the LORD, (the Holy Books of his Word), shall the Assyrian, (who dispersed the Israelites), be beaten down, which smote (the kingdom of Ephraim: [Ezekiel 28]) with a rod.

Isa. 30:32 And in every place where the grounded staff (of the Cross) shall pass, which the LORD shall lay upon him, it shall be with tabrets and harps: and in battles of shaking will he fight with it.

Isa. 30:33 For Tophet, (hell), is ordained of old; yea, for the king it is prepared; he hath made it deep and large: the pile thereof is fire and much wood; the breath of the LORD, like a stream of brimstone, doth kindle it.


27Verses 27-33
This terrible prediction of the ruin of the Assyrian army, though it is a threatening to them, it is part of the promise to the Israel of God, that God would not only punish the Assyrians for the mischief they had done to the Israel of God, but would disable and deter them from doing the like again; and this prediction, which would now shortly be accomplished, would ratify and confirm the foregoing promises, which should be accomplished in the latter days.

I. the Assyrians. He is here introduced in all the power and all the terror of his wrath, v. 27. The name of Jehovah, which the Assyrians disdain and set at a distance from them, as if they were out of its reach and it could do them no harm, behold, it comes from far. A messenger in the name of the Lord comes from as far off as heaven itself. He is a messenger of wrath, burning with his anger. God's lips are full of indignation at the blasphemy of Rabshakeh, who compared the God of Israel with the gods of the heathen; his tongue is as a devouring fire, for he can speak his proud enemies to ruin; his very breath comes with as much force as an overflowing stream, and with it he shall slay the wicked, ch. 11:4. He does not stifle or smother his resentments, as men do theirs when they are either causeless or impotent; but he shall cause his glorious voice to be heard when he proclaims war with an enemy that sets him at defiance, v. 30. He shall display the indignation of his anger, anger in the highest degree; it shall be as the flame of a devouring fire, which carries and consumes all before it, with lightning or dissipation, and with tempest and hailstones, all which are the formidable phenomena of nature, and therefore expressive of the terror of the Almighty God of nature.

II. The execution done by this anger of the Lord. Men are often angry when they can only threaten and talk big; but when God causes his glorious voice to be heard that shall not be all: he will show the lighting down of his arm too, v. 30. The operations of his providence shall accomplish the menaces of his word. Those that would not see the lifting up of his arm (ch. 26:11) shall feel the lighting down of it, and find, to their cost, that the burden thereof is heavy (v. 27), so heavy that they cannot bear it, nor bear up against it, but must unavoidably sink and be crushed under it. Who knows the power of his anger or imagines what an offended God can do? Five things are here prepared for the execution: Here is an overflowing stream, that shall reach to the midst of the neck, shall quite overwhelm the whole body of the army, and Sennacherib only, the head of it, shall keep above water and escape this stroke, while yet he is reserved for another in the house of Nisroch his god. The Assyrian army had been to Judah as an overflowing stream, reaching even to the neck (ch. 8:7 , 8 ), and now the breath of GodŐs wrath will be so to it. 2. Here is a sieve of vanity, with which God would sift those nations of which the Assyrian army was composed, v. 28. The great God can sift nations, for they are all before him as the small dust of the balance; he will sift them, not to gather out of them any that should be preserved, but so as to shake them one against another, put them into great consternation, and shake them all away at last; for it is a sieve of vanity (which retains nothing) that they are shaken with, and they are found all chaff. 3. Here is a bridle, which God has in their jaws, to curb and restrain them from doing the mischief they would do, and to force and constrain them to serve his purposes against their own will, ch. 10:7 God particularly says of Sennacherib (ch. 37:29 ) that he will put a hook in his nose and a bridle in his lips. It is a bridle causing them to err, forcing them to such methods as will certainly be destructive to themselves and their interest and in which they will be infatuated. God with a word guides his people into the right way (v. 21), but with a bridle he turns his enemies headlong upon their own ruin. 4. Here is a rod and a staff, even the voice of the Lord, his word giving orders concerning it, with which the Assyrian shall be beaten down, v. 31. The Assyrian had been himself a rod in God's hand for the chastising of his people, and had smitten them, ch. 10:5 . That was a transient rod; but against the Assyrian shall go forth a grounded staff, that shall give a steady blow, shall stick close to him and strike home, so as to leave an impression upon him. It is a staff with a foundation, founded upon the enemies deserts and God's determinate counsel. It is a consumption determined (ch. 10:23 ), and therefore there is no escaping it, no getting out of the reach of it; it shall pass in every place where an Assyrian is found, and the Lord shall lay it upon him, and cause it to rest, v. 32. Such is the woeful case of those that persist in enmity to God: the wrath of God abides on them. 5. Here is Tophet ordained and prepared for them, v. 33. The valley of the son of Hinnom, adjoining to Jerusalem, was called Tophet. In that valley, it is supposed, many of the Assyrian regiments lay encamped, and were there slain by the destroying angel; or there the bodies of those that were so slain were burned. Hezekiah had lately, and from yesterday (so the word is) ordained it; that is, say some, he had cleared it of the images that were set up in it, to which they there burnt their children, and so prepared it to be a receptacle for the dead bodies of their enemies, for the king of Assyria (that is, for his army) it is prepared, and there is fuel enough ready to burn them all; and they shall be consumed as suddenly and effectually as if the fire were kept burning by a continual stream of brimstone, for such the breath of the Lord, his word and his wrath, will be to it. Now as the prophet, in the foregoing promises, slides insensibly into the promises of gospel graces and comforts, so here, in the threatening of the ruin of Sennacherib's army, he points at the final and everlasting destruction of all impenitent sinners. Our Saviour calls the future misery of the damned Gehenna, in allusion to the valley of Hinnom, which gives some countenance to the applying of this to that misery, as also that in the Apocalypse it is so often called the lake that burns with fire and brimstone. This is said to be prepared of old for the devil and his angels, for the greatest of sinners, the proudest, and that think themselves not accountable to any for what they say and do; even for kings it is prepared. It is deep and large, sufficient to receive the world of the ungodly; the pile thereof is fire and much wood. Gods wrath is the fire, and sinners make themselves fuel to it; and the breath of the Lord (the power of his anger) kindles it, and will keep it ever burning. See ch. 66:24 . Wherefore stand in awe and sin not.

III. The great joy which this should occasion to the people of God. The Assyrian's fall is Jerusalem's triumph (v. 29): You shall have a song as in the night, a psalm of praise such as those sing who by night stand in the house of the Lord, and sing to his glory who gives songs in the night. It shall not be a song of vain mirth, but a sacred song, such as was sung when a holy solemnity was kept in a grave and religious manner. Our joy in the fall of the church's enemies must be a holy joy, gladness of heart, as when one goes, with a pipe (such as the sons of the prophets used when they prophesied, 1 Sa. 10:5 ), to the mountain of the Lord, there to celebrate the praises of the Mighty One of Israel. Nay, in every place where the divine vengeance shall pursue the Assyrians they shall not only fall unlamented, but all their neighbours shall attend their fall with tabrets and harps, pleased to see how God, in battles of shaking, such as shake them out of the world, fights with them (v. 32); for when the wicked perish there is shouting; and it is with a particular satisfaction that wise and good men see the ruin of those who, like the Assyrians, have insolently bidden defiance to God and trampled upon all mankind.

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